fnmatch(3) - phpMan
FNMATCH(3) Linux Programmer's Manual FNMATCH(3)
fnmatch - match filename or pathname
int fnmatch(const char *pattern, const char *string, int flags);
The fnmatch() function checks whether the string argument matches the pattern argument,
which is a shell wildcard pattern.
The flags argument modifies the behavior; it is the bitwise OR of zero or more of the fol‐
If this flag is set, treat backslash as an ordinary character, instead of an escape
If this flag is set, match a slash in string only with a slash in pattern and not
by an asterisk (*) or a question mark (?) metacharacter, nor by a bracket expres‐
sion () containing a slash.
If this flag is set, a leading period in string has to be matched exactly by a
period in pattern. A period is considered to be leading if it is the first charac‐
ter in string, or if both FNM_PATHNAME is set and the period immediately follows a
This is a GNU synonym for FNM_PATHNAME.
If this flag (a GNU extension) is set, the pattern is considered to be matched if
it matches an initial segment of string which is followed by a slash. This flag is
mainly for the internal use of glibc and is implemented only in certain cases.
If this flag (a GNU extension) is set, the pattern is matched case-insensitively.
Zero if string matches pattern, FNM_NOMATCH if there is no match or another nonzero value
if there is an error.
POSIX.2. The FNM_FILE_NAME, FNM_LEADING_DIR, and FNM_CASEFOLD flags are GNU extensions.
sh(1), glob(3), scandir(3), wordexp(3), glob(7)
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GNU 2000-10-15 FNMATCH(3)