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FNMATCH(3)                          Linux Programmer's Manual                          FNMATCH(3)



NAME
       fnmatch - match filename or pathname

SYNOPSIS
       #include <fnmatch.h>

       int fnmatch(const char *pattern, const char *string, int flags);

DESCRIPTION
       The  fnmatch()  function  checks whether the string argument matches the pattern argument,
       which is a shell wildcard pattern.

       The flags argument modifies the behavior; it is the bitwise OR of zero or more of the fol‐
       lowing flags:

       FNM_NOESCAPE
              If this flag is set, treat backslash as an ordinary character, instead of an escape
              character.

       FNM_PATHNAME
              If this flag is set, match a slash in string only with a slash in pattern  and  not
              by  an  asterisk (*) or a question mark (?) metacharacter, nor by a bracket expres‐
              sion ([]) containing a slash.

       FNM_PERIOD
              If this flag is set, a leading period in string has to  be  matched  exactly  by  a
              period in pattern.  A period is considered to be leading if it is the first charac‐
              ter in string, or if both FNM_PATHNAME is set and the period immediately follows  a
              slash.

       FNM_FILE_NAME
              This is a GNU synonym for FNM_PATHNAME.

       FNM_LEADING_DIR
              If  this  flag (a GNU extension) is set, the pattern is considered to be matched if
              it matches an initial segment of string which is followed by a slash.  This flag is
              mainly for the internal use of glibc and is implemented only in certain cases.

       FNM_CASEFOLD
              If this flag (a GNU extension) is set, the pattern is matched case-insensitively.

RETURN VALUE
       Zero  if string matches pattern, FNM_NOMATCH if there is no match or another nonzero value
       if there is an error.

CONFORMING TO
       POSIX.2.  The FNM_FILE_NAME, FNM_LEADING_DIR, and FNM_CASEFOLD flags are GNU extensions.

SEE ALSO
       sh(1), glob(3), scandir(3), wordexp(3), glob(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 3.74 of the Linux man-pages project.  A  description  of  the
       project,  information  about  reporting  bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be
       found at http://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.



GNU                                         2000-10-15                                 FNMATCH(3)


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