man : psnup(1)
psnup - multiple pages per sheet
psnup [ -wwidth ] [ -hheight ] [ -ppaper ] [ -Wwidth ] [ -Hheight ] [
-Ppaper ] [ -l ] [ -r ] [ -f ] [ -c ] [ -mmargin ] [ -bborder ] [
-dlwidth ] [ -sscale ] [ -nup ] [ -q ] [ infile [ outfile ] ]
Psnup puts multiple logical pages onto each physical sheet of paper.
The input PostScript file should follow the Adobe Document Structuring
The -w option gives the paper width, and the -h option gives the paper
height, normally specified in cm or in to convert PostScript's points
(1/72 of an inch) to centimeters or inches. The -p option can be used
as an alternative, to set the paper size to a3, a4, a5, b5, letter,
legal, tabloid, statement, executive, folio, quarto or 10x14. The
default paper size is letter. The -W, -H, and -P options set the input
paper size, if it is different from the output size. This makes it easy
to impose pages of one size on a different size of paper.
The -l option should be used for pages which are in landscape orienta-
tion (rotated 90 degrees anticlockwise). The -r option should be used
for pages which are in seascape orientation (rotated 90 degrees clock-
wise), and the -f option should be used for pages which have the width
and height interchanged, but are not rotated.
Psnup normally uses `row-major' layout, where adjacent pages are placed
in rows across the paper. The -c option changes the order to `column-
major', where successive pages are placed in columns down the paper.
A margin to leave around the whole page can be specified with the -m
option. This is useful for sheets of `thumbnail' pages, because the
normal page margins are reduced by putting multiple pages on a single
The -b option is used to specify an additional margin around each page
on a sheet.
The -d option draws a line around the border of each page, of the spec-
ified width. If the lwidth parameter is omitted, a default linewidth
of 1 point is assumed. The linewidth is relative to the original page
dimensions, i.e. it is scaled down with the rest of the page.
The scale chosen by psnup can be overridden with the -s option. This is
useful to merge pages which are already reduced.
The -nup option selects the number of logical pages to put on each
sheet of paper. This can be any whole number; psnup tries to optimise
the layout so that the minimum amount of space is wasted. If psnup can-
not find a layout within its tolerance limit, it will abort with an
error message. The alternative form i nup can also be used, for compat-
ibility with other n-up programs.
PSUtils Release 1 Patchlevel 17 1
Psnup normally prints the page numbers of the pages re-arranged; the -q
option suppresses this.
The potential use of this utility is varied but one particular use is
in conjunction with psbook(1). For example, using groff to create a
PostScript document and lpr as the UNIX print spooler a typical command
line might look like this:
groff -Tps -ms file | psbook | psnup -2 | lpr
Where file is a 4 page document this command will result in a two page
document printing two pages of file per page and rearranges the page
order to match the input pages 4 and 1 on the first output page and
pages 2 then 3 of the input document on the second output page.
Copyright (C) Angus J. C. Duggan 1991-1995
psbook(1), psselect(1), pstops(1), epsffit(1), psnup(1), psresize(1),
psmerge(1), fixscribeps(1), getafm(1), fixdlsrps(1), fixfmps(1), fixps-
ditps(1), fixpspps(1), fixtpps(1), fixwfwps(1), fixwpps(1), fixwwps(1),
PostScript is a trademark of Adobe Systems Incorporated.
Psnup does not accept all DSC comments.
PSUtils Release 1 Patchlevel 17 2